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12ΩΡΗ/24ΩΡΗ ΠΡΟΒΟΛΗ ΩΡΑΣ:
Η πλειονότητα των ψηφιακών ρολογιών διαθέτουν επιλογή προβολής ώρας σε δωδεκάωρη ή εικοσιτετράωρη βάση.

ALTIMETER - ΑΛΤΙΜΕΤΡΟ:
Λειτουργία υπολογισμού του παρώντος υψομέτρου με βάση την βαρομετρική πίεση.

ANALOG - ΑΝΑΛΟΓΙΚΟ:
Ρολόι με καντράν, δείκτες και σημεία.

ANCHOR ESCAPEMENT - ΑΓΚΥΡΑ ΔΙΑΦΥΓΗΣ:
Ο ελεγκτής που ορίζει την ταχύτητα λειτουργίας ενός μηχανικού ρολογιού.

ANGLAGE:
angling of plate and bridge edges. It is used to finish the movement, as well as to eliminate sharp corners that would otherwise be damaged while the watch is working. It also reduces the amount of debris that can fall into the movement and disturb function.

ANTI-MAGNETIC (A/Μ) - ΑΝΤΙΜΑΓΝΗΤΙΚΟ:
Ρολόγια των οποίων ο μηχανισμός είναι φτιαγμένος από αντιμαγνητικά υλικά.

APERTURE - ΔΙΑΦΡΑΓΜΑ:
Μικρό άνοιγμα-οπή στο καντράν που προβάλει συγκεκριμένες πληροφορίες όπως την ημέρα, ημερομηνία, το μήνα, τη φάση της σελήνης κ.α.

APPLIQUE - ΑΠΛΙΚΕ:
Νούμερα, σχέδια ή σύμβολα κομμένα και κολλημένα στο καντράν.

ATM - ΑΤΜΟΣΦΑΙΡΑ:
a measurement of pressure called an (atmosphere). An atmospheric measure is the amount of air pressure at sea level that a watch can withstand. (1ATM= 1BAR= 10m= 33.3ft)

ATOMIC WATCH - ΑΤΟΜΙΚΟ ΡΟΛΟΪ:
Ραδιοελεγχόμενα ρολόγια quartz τα οποία λαμβάνουν την ώρα από δορυφόρο, ο οποίος είναι συνδεδεμένος με ατομικό ρολόι κεσίου, με αποτέλεσμα την απόλυτη ακρίβεια στην ώρα.

AUTOMATIC MOVEMENT - ΑΥΤΟΜΑΤΟΣ ΜΗΧΑΝΙΣΜΟΣ:
Αυτοκούρδιστος μηχανικός. Το στροφείο/ρότορας (βαρίδιο) περιστρέφεται γύρω από τον άξονά του με την κίνηση του χεριού και κουρδίζει το ελατήριο. Τα ρολόγια με αυτόματο μηχανισμό μπορούμε να τα ανακινήσετε ή να τα κουρδίσετε για να τα δώσετε ενέργεια.

BALANCE - ΜΠΑΛΑΝΣ:
mechanical watches are regulated with the balance and balance spring. The mainspring provides energy. The hairspring, coupled to the balance, makes it swing to and fro, dividing into equal parts. Each to and fro of the balance is called oscillation. One oscillation equals 2 vibrations. (Heart of the mechanical watch)

BALANCE SPRING:
the (or hair spring) is attached to the balance and cock, and made of metal alloys. Its length determines the amount that the balance regularly oscillates: the shorter the spring the faster the watch runs. It returns the balance wheel back to a neutral position.

BALANCE WHEEL:
regulating organ of the watch, vibrating on a spiral hairspring. Lengthening and shortening of the balance spring makes the balance wheel go faster or slower to advance or retard the watch.

BAR - ΠΙΡΑΚΙ:
thin metal rod fixed between the horns that attaches the bracelet or strap to the watch. Also called a lug or spring bar.

BARREL:
cylindrical box containing the mainspring of a watch. The toothed rim of the barrel drives the train.

BARREL SPRING:
this springs tension controls the amount of energy transmitted to the measurement. Hooked to the barrel and arbor, when it is tensed it releases energy.

BEAT:
the number of times per second (BPS) or per hour (BPH) that a balance wheel goes through a full arc of motion or the vibrations per hour (VpH) (half oscillation, or "tick") of a movement.

BEVEL:
furrow or groove cut at an angle that is either over or under, but not equal to 90 degrees.

BEZEL - ΣΤΕΦΑΝΙ :
the ring around the top of the crystal. Generally hold the glass or crystal in place. A rotating ratchet bezel moves in some watches as part of a complication. Rotating bezels either rotate clockwise, counter clockwise, or both to assist in calculations.

BI-DIRECTIONAL BEZEL:
a bezel that both clockwise and counter clockwise.

BOTTOM PLATE:
supports the bridges, which are often on the top of the plate, the movement, the dial, and the holes where the jewels are inserted.

BRACELET - ΜΠΡΑΣΕΛΕ:
metal linked watchband.

BRIDGE:
the balance cock is attached to the bottom plate with pins. Fixed to the main plate to form the frame of a watch.

BUTTONS - ΚΟΥΜΠΙΑ:
push piece controls, usually at 2oclock and/or 4oclock on the dial to control specific functions such as the chronograph or the alarm.

CALENDAR - ΗΜΕΡΟΛΟΓΙΟ:
a simple calendar is a complication that shows the date of the month. A day/date shows the date of the month and the day of the week. A complete calendar shows the day, date, and the month or moon phase.

CALIBER:
the size and configuration of a watch movement. The diameter of the movement measured in "Parisian lines," where 1=2.256mm.

CAMBERED:
curved or arched dial or bezel.

CASE - ΚΑΣΑ:
Το πλαίσιο που περιβάλλει τον μηχανισμό και το καντράν.

CASEBACK-ΚΑΠΑΚΙ:
Το καπάκι του πλαισίου-κάσας του ρολογιού, το οποίο είναι κλείνει με τρεις τρόπους: Βιδωτά, Κουμπωτά ή με βίδες περιμετρικά.

CHAMFERING:
beveling the edges of bridges or screws.

CERAMIC - ΚΕΡΑΜΙΚΟ:
used as a shield for spacecraft reentering the earths atmosphere, high tech ceramic is polished with diamond dust to create a highly polished finish. Usually found in black.

CHRONOGRAPH - ΧΡΟΝΟΓΡΑΦΟΣ:
stopwatch function that uses sub dials to keep track of second, minutes, and hours.

CHRONOMETER - ΧΡΟΝΟΜΕΤΡΗΣ:
Τα ρολόγια που φέρουν την ονομασία Chronometer έχουν υψηλή ακρίβεια στην μέτρηση της ώρας και φέρουν μηχανισμούς ειδικά ελεγμένους μηχανισμούς, οι οποίοι περνούν από συγκεκριμένες δοκιμασίες από εγκεκριμένους οργανισμούς πιστοποίησης (COSC). Κάθε ρολόι Chronometer φέρει μηχανισμό που είναι τυπωμένος με μοναδικό αριθμό πιστοποίησης που δίδεται από τον COSC.

CIRCULAR GRAINING (also called "perlage"):
is a surface decoration comprising of an even pattern of partially overlapping dots applied with a quickly rotating plastic or wooden peg. A type of decoration applied to watch movements. It consists of small, overlapping circles.

CLASP:
used to secure the brcelet or strap of a wristwatch, to the wrist. There are three basic types of clasps; fold-over clasp, jewelery clasp and butterfly-clasp (aka deployant/deployment buckle, hidden deployant/deployment buckle, hidden double-locking clasp).

COLUMN WHEEL:
upright castle shaped wheel in a chronograph that acts as a sliding link to operate the various levers that set the chronograph functions in motion, generally more accurate type of chronograph.

COMPLICATION:
any "function" added to a watch, such as a minute repeater, countdown timer, stop watch, altimeter, asthometer, pulsometer, calendar, moon phase indicator, split second chronograph, power reserve indicator, alarm, etc.

COTES DE GENEVE (also called "Geneva Stripes" or Glashutte Ribbing):
A form of decoration in higher grade watch movements which look like stripes on the movement plates. These used to be applied by hand; in many cases in modern times, they are very simply applied by machine.

C.O.S.C. Controle Officiel Suisse des Chronometres:
Το επίσημο Ελβετικο Ινστιτούτο Ελέχου Χρονομέτρησης, το οποίο ελέγχει και πιστοποιεί μηχανισμούς ρολογιών. Κάθε έλεγχος περιλαμβάνει τη λειτουργία του μηχανισμού σε συνδιασμούς πέντε (5) διαφορετικών θέσεων και τριών (3) διαφορετικών θερμοκρασιών. Κάθε ρολόι που ανταποκρίνεται στον έλεγχο ονομάζεται Chronometer-Χρονομέτρης

COUNTDOWN TIMER:
function which measures time remaining in preset period of time.

CROWN:
knob used to wind a mechanical watch and to set the time and/or calendar of a watch.

CYCLOPS - ΜΕΓΕΝΘΥΤΙΚΟ ΠΑΡΑΘΥΡΑΚΙ:
Το μεγενθυτικό παραθυράκι (εξόγκωμα) στο κρύσταλλο του ρολογιού έτσι ώστε να μεγενθύνεται η ημερομηνία.

DEPTH ALARM:
a complication on a divers watch that sounds an alarm when the wearer exceeds pre-set depth. The alarm stops when the diver ascends above pre-set depth.

DIAL - ΚΑΝΤΡΑΝ:
Το πρόσωπο του ρολογιού πάνω στο οποίο προβάλλεται η ώρα και τα λοιπά στοιχεία του.

DIGITAL - ΨΗΦΙΑΚΟ:
Ρολόι που χρησιμοποιεί οθόνη LCD ή LED για την προβολή της ώρας.

DISPLAY BACK:
it is a caseback that is transparent so that movement may be viewed. (also called: clear, see-thru, skeleton, exhibition)

DIVE WATCH:
designed especially for divers whose lives depend on the reliability of their watch in the water.

DLC (Diamond Like Carbon):
a metal coating that produces a grey/black finish that is very scratch resistant and corrosion resistant. This type of coating is like PVD, but even harder (and more expensive).

DUAL TIME ZONE:
measures local time as well as time in another time zone.

EBAUCHE (raw movement):
unassembled movement, without escapement, balance, hairspring, or mainspring.

ESCAPEMENT:
mechanism made up of the escapement wheel, lever, and discharging roller, which act to control the wheel movement and to provide pulses to pallets and thus the balance. The most important part of the watch. Converts the energy of the mainspring into equal units of time. The escapement controls the amount of power released from the mainspring. The regularity is controlled by the balance and its spring. The escapement controls the rotation of the wheels and thus the motion of the hands. It is fitted at the end of the gear train and is designed to interrupt the movement of the wheels at regular intervals.

EXHIBITION BACK:
same as a "skeleton" or "display" back.

FLANGE:
ring that separates the crystal from the dial.

FLYBACK:
function that allows a chronograph to be reset to zero without having to stop the chronograph first.

FOUDROYANTE:
small dial that is marked 0-8. The hand on the dial completes a sweep every second which is an elapsed time of 1/8th of second for each number.

FREQUENCY:
(also referred to as vibrations per hour - VPH, or beats per hour BPH) 18,000 VPH or 2Hz, 21,600 VPH or 3Hz, 28,800 VPH or 4Hz, 36,000 VPH or 5Hz, 43,200 VPH or 6Hz, 72,000 VPH or 10Hz

FULL ROTOR:
automatic watches with rotors that travel 360 degrees in both directions.

FUNCTION:
the same as a complication on a mechanical watch, but technically called a function on a quartz watch.

FUSEE:
grooved pulley that equalizes the mainspring by controlling its winding or unwinding.

GASKET:
most water resistant watches are equipped with gaskets to seal the caseback, crystal, and crown from water. Gaskets need to be checked every couple of years to maintain water resistance.

GEAR TRAIN:
made up of the going barrel, which drive the center wheel. The center wheel drives the third wheel then the 3rd wheel drives the second wheel. The second wheel drives the escapement wheel. It is the system of gears that transmits power from the mainspring to the escapement.

GENEVA SEAL:
quality seal the displays the City of Geneva coat of arms. Watches must meet eleven strict criteria to be awarded the Geneva seal.

GERMAN SILVER:
German watch manufacture A. Lange & Sohne uses untreated German silver in their movements. German silver has a brighter and more luxurious finish, as compared to brass (which is commonly used for base plates).

GLUCYDUR copper:
and glucinum stainless, non-magnetic alloy used in watch making for internal parts. Anit-magnetic alloy that expands very little when exposed to heat. (Used for balances)

GMT Greenwich Mean Time (GMT):
, a watch that has the capability of displaying two different time zones.

GUILLOCHE:
is a decorative engraving technique in which a very precise intricate repetitive pattern or design is mechanically engraved into an underlying material with fine detail

HACKING:
a feature that stops the second hand when the stem is pulled out as far as it will go and allows you to set the exact time.

HAIRSPRING:
the (or balance spring) is attached to the balance and cock, and made of metal alloys. Its length determines the amount that the balance regularly oscillates: the shorter the spring the faster the watch runs. It returns the balance wheel back to a neutral position.

HALLMARK:
a mark stamped into the case of the watch to provide information about the degree of purity of the metal used, the country of origin, the year of manufacture, the identity of the cases maker, trademarks, reference numbers, and/or serial numbers.

HAND - ΔΕΙΚΤΗΣ:
watches generally have three hands for seconds, minutes, and hours. They come in many different shapes: Pear, Breguet, Baton, Arrow, Skeleton, Luminous, Alpha, Dauphine and more.

HAND-WOUND WATCH:
a watch that receives energy by hand winding the crown.

HARDBACK:
a solid metal caseback.

HELIUM:
ESCAPE VALVE a helium escape valve is required for divers who spend a long time in hyperbaric chambers and breath helium enriched gas. The helium molecules are lighter than air and can therefore penetrate the watch. When a pressurized enclosure, such as a diving bell, surfaces and is depressurized the helium rushes out of the watch so quickly that the crystal on the watch pops out. To avoid this the helium escape valve releases this helium from the watch while resurfacing. This allows helium to escape without water entering the watch.

HORNS:
part of the case where the bracelet is attached by lugs or pins.

HOROLOGY:
science of time measurement, including the art of designing and constructing timepieces.

INCABLOC:
a brand of shock absorber for mechanical watches designed to protect pinions or jewels.

INDEX:
instead of a number, a marking indicating the hour and/or minutes.

INTERNAL BEZEL:
a bezel inside the watch case usually with a separate or additional crown.

JEWELS (also called rubies):
synthetic sapphires or rubies that are used in a watch movement to reduce friction. They help maintain the watchs lubrication. More jewels does not necessarily denote higher quality.

JUMP HOUR:
a display in which the hour, shown through an aperture, instantly changes every 60 minutes.

LAP TIMER:
a chronograph function that times segments of a race. At the end of a lap a push button stops the time and then returns to zero to time the next lap.

LUG (same as horn):
part of case where bracelet or strap is attached.

LUMINOUS PAINT:
self-illuminating paint that is put on the hands and markers to read the time in low light situations. SuperLuminova is the most popular type of luminous paint.

MAIN PLATE:
the base plate on which all other parts of a watch movement are mounted.

MAIN SPRING:
the driving flat-coiled spring of a watch contained in the barrel, supplies power.

MANUAL-WINDING:
a hand wound mechanical watch.

MANUFACTURE:
a factory that makes its own components and assembles at least one complete movement (caliber), in-house.

MARINE CHRONOMETER:
a highly accurate timepiece enclosed in a box that is used for determining the longitude on board a ship. A marine chronometer is mounted on gimbals so that they remain in a horizontal position to maintain their precision.

MECHANICAL MOVEMENT:
describes a movement with a balance wheel. Wound by hand or rotor. Dates back to the 14th century about 130 parts, or over 500 for the most complicated watches.

METER:
a measurement used to measure water resistance. (10m= 33.3ft= 1ATM= 1BAR)

MINUTE REPEATER:
a function on a watch that can strike the time in hours, quarters, or seconds by means of a push piece. An extremely complicated function, cost is very high.

MOON PHASE - ΦΑΣΕΙΣ ΣΕΛΗΝΗΣ:
shows: new moon, first quarter moon, full moon, and last quarter moon by means of a disk that rotates beneath a small aperture. The 29 and 1/2 day cycle of the moon.

MOVEMENT - ΜΗΧΑΝΙΣΜΟΣ:
the "motor" of a watch or the machinery that turn the hands, change the date, start/stop the chronograph. There are two classifications of movement, either mechanical or quartz electronic. (Go to the "movements" page for more info.)

NON SCREW LOCKED CROWN:
easier to set than a screw locked crown, but it is less water resistant.

OBSERVATORY CHRONOMETER:
similar to a standard chronometer, but even more accurate. The movements are adjusted in 5 positions and generally must perform within a deviation of 0.6 seconds per day. Historically these were used at scientific observatories, and for expeditions where accuracy is paramount.

OSCILLATING SYSTEM:
hairspring and balance form the oscillating system. Two vibrations of the balance make the tick-tack sound of a mechanical watch known as oscillation. The travel of the balance wheel from one extreme to the other and back again.

PALLADIUM:
a rare and lustrous metal that is slightly whiter than platinum and slightly harder. It is part of the platinum group of metals. Palladium is tarnish resistant, electrically stable and resistant to chemical erosion as well as intense heat.

PALLET:
meshes with the teeth of the escapement wheel and transmits an impulse to the balance.

PERLAGE (also called "circular graining"):
perlage is a surface decoration comprising of an even pattern of partially overlapping dots applied with a quickly rotating plastic or wooden peg. A type of decoration applied to watch movements. It consists of small, overlapping circles.

PERPETUAL CALENDAR:
extremely elaborate complication that keeps track of the day, month, date, and sometimes even the moon phase, zodiac signs, decade, century, and which adjusts for the length of the month and for leap years. (Accurate until 2100)

PINION:
toothed wheel usually made of steel with a small number of teeth.

PLATE:
metal piece that holds up the bridge and other parts of the movement. The bottom side is the dial side the top side is the bridge side.

PLATINUM:
one of the rarest precious metals as well as one of the strongest and heaviest.

POLISHED:
brilliant meal surface obtained on the watchcase with a fine abrasive.

POWER RESERVE INDICATOR:
a sub dial used to show how much power remains before the watch stops.

PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition):
method of coating watch cases by integrating titanium particles and then depositing gold for color. Generally comes in black finish, but other colors can be created. (Very similar to "titanium carbide".)

QUARTZ - ΜΗΧΑΝΙΣΜΟΣ ΧΑΛΑΖΙΑ/ΜΠΑΤΑΡΙΑΣ:
a natural or synthetic silicon dioxide crystal used in quartz analog or solid state digital watches when activated by a battery or solar power, the thin silver of the crystal very predictably vibrates at an extremely high frequency (32,768 times per second) step motor, electric circuit block.

QUICK SET DATE:
mechanism to set the date directly to avoid having to turn the hands over 24 hours.

RATTRAPANTE:
addition of a second hand to measure split times. (Also called split-second chronograph.)

REGULATOR:
the device inside a watch that speeds it up or slows it down to allow the more precise setting of the watch.

REGULATOR DIAL:
a watch where the hour and minute hands are not on the same, but separate, pinions. Generally a "regulator watch" (not to be confused with "retrograde") has an hours subdial at 12 oclock, a seconds subdial at 6 oclock and a central seconds hand.

REPEATER:
strikes the hour, half hour, minutes, seconds, or some combination of the two.

RETROGRADE:
an hour, minute, seconds or calendar hand which moves across a scale and, at the end of its cycle, returns immediately to zero to begin again (not to be confused with "regulator dial").

RHODIUM PLATING:
rhodium or gold plating is used on many high-end movements.

ROTOR:
part of an automatic watch that winds the mainspring. A flat piece of metal swivels on a pivot with the motion of the wrist. Its rotation continually winds the mainspring of the watch. It turns freely in both directions and uses the force of gravity to wind the mainspring.

RUBIES - ΡΟΥΜΠΙΝΙΑ:
is a very hard stone usually synthetic, which prevents the wear of gear train parts. Also called jewels.

SAPPHIRE CRYSTAL - ΚΡΥΣΤΑΛΛΟ ΖΑΦΕΙΡΙ:
synthetic corundum crystal with a hardness second only to a diamond. Transparent sapphire is used for a scratchproof watch glass. Made of crystallizing aluminum oxide at very high temperatures. Chemically the same as natural sapphire, but colorless. It is hard and brittle so it shatters easier than plexiglass or mineral glass. 9 on a mohs scale, a diamond is 10.

SCREW BACK - ΒΙΔΩΤΟ ΚΑΠΑΚΙ:
caseback has a thread so that it can be screwed-in to the case.

SCREW-DOWN CROWN - ΒΙΔΩΤΗ ΚΟΡΩΝΑ:
Κορώνα (κουρδηστήρι) που βιδώνει πάνω στο πλαίσιο-κάσα έτσι ώστε να επιτυγχάνεται η μέγιστη αδιαβροχοποίηση του ρολογιού.

SEAL:
synthetic gaskets that seal the joints between parts of the case and keep out the water.

SHOCK ABSORBERS:
spring devices in balance wheel bearings that divert shocks away from the fragile pivot to the sturdier parts of the balance staff. The springs allow the balance wheel to return to its original position after shocks.

SHOT BLASTING:
a satin finish obtained by using tiny glass pellets, one or two microns in diameter.

SKELETON MOVEMENT/DIAL:
movement on a watch where the plates have been removed or trimmed so that you can see the gears and other parts.

SKELETON WATCH:
crystal on the front and back.

SLIDE RULE BEZEL:
a rotating bezel that is printed with a logarithmic scale and assorted other scales and is used in conjunction with fixed rules of mathematics to perform general mathematical calculations or navigational computations.

SOLAR POWERED-ΗΛΙΑΚΟ:
Ρολόι που λειτουργεί με τη συλλογή και μετατροπή του φωτός σε ενέργεια.

SPLIT-SECOND CHRONOGRAPH:
a split seconds chronograph or rattrapante (catch up in French) or doppelchrono (double chrono is German) has two seconds hands, the first push starts both hands together, the second push stops one hand while the other continues, and another push allows the stopped hand to catch up with the moving seconds.

SPRING BAR:
a spring loaded metal bar mounted between the case lugs used to attach the strap or bracelet.

STAINLESS STEEL - ΑΝΟΞΕΙΔΩΤΟ ΑΤΣΑΛΙ:
extremely durable metal alloy consisting of steel, nickel, and composed mainly of chromium. It is virtually rustproof. It is also antimagnetic. 316L is the standard steel used in watchmaking, however Rolex uses a slightly harder and more corrosion resistant steel called 904L. 904L is generally used in chemical applications and it costs significantly more than 316L steel.

STEM:
the shaft that connects to the movements winding mechanism, the crown is fitted to the opposite end.

STOP SECOND:
(same as hacking) crown which can be pulled out to set the seconds on a watch accurately.

STOPWATCH - ΧΡΟΝΟΜΕΤΡΟ:
Ρολόι με με ικανότητα μέτρησης με εύρος δεκάτων/εκατοστών δευτερολέπτων έως και ώρας ανάλογα με το μηχανισμό.

SUB DIALS - ΥΠΟ-ΚΑΝΤΡΑΝ:
Βοηθητικά μικρά καντράν για την επιμέρους μέτρηση δευτερευόντων γεγονότων.

SUPERLUMINOVA:
photo-luminescent non-radioactive material with a long period of phosphorescence.

SWISS MADE:
legally protected indication of Swiss origin. Under terms of the Swiss Federal Council ordinance of December 23, 1971, it can apply only to watches with: -Swiss Movement -Assembled in Switzerland -Final inspection must be done in Switzerland

SWISS MOVEMENT - ΕΛΒΕΤΤΙΚΟΣ ΜΗΧΑΝΙΣΜΟΣ:
in order for a watch to state that it has Swiss Movement it must: -be assembled in Switzerland -be tested in Switzerland -have 50% of the parts from Swiss origin

TACHOMETER:
instrument for measuring speed over a measured distance. A racing car covers 1 mile in 30 seconds. The sweep second hand, when stopped at the end of the mile, would point to the 120 on the tachometer. The average speed in 120mph.

TANTALUM:
a grey, heavy, and very hard metal. Tantalum is used to make avariety of alloys at high melting point and high strength. Tantalum is completely immune to body liquids and is a non-irrititating material.

TELEMETER:
stopwatch or chronograph function with a scale that measures the distance of something from the wearer of the watch through the amount of time it takes for sound to travel.

TIDEGRAPH:
tides are the periodic rise and fall of the water of oceans, seas, bays and other bodies of water caused mainly by the gravitational interactions between the Earth, Moon and Sun. Tides rise and fall about every six hours. The tide graph indicates tidal movement based on the Moons transit over the meridian and the lunitidal interval. (Also called Tide Function)

TIME ZONE:
the world is divided into 24 time zones spaced at intervals of 15 degrees in longitude. The zones start at 0 with Greenwich. Within each time zone, the hour and minute of the day is defined to be the same. Time zones are usually specified by the number of hours they differ from GMT. EST is GMT 5 hours.

TITANIUM-ΤΙΤΑΝΙΟ:
Το τιτάνιο χρησιμοποιείται για την κατασκευή μπρασελέ και πλαισίων και υπερέχει έναντι του ατσαλιού, καθώς είναι 30% σκληρότερο, 50% ελαφρύτερο, ουδέτερο με το δέρμα και αναλοίωτο από το θαλλασινό νερό.

TOURBILLON:
Εξουδετερώνει απώλειας στην ακρίβεια λειτουργίας που προκαλούνται από την βαρύτυτα.

TRAIN:
the series of wheels in a watch: center wheel, third wheel, fourth wheel, and escape wheel.

UNI-DIRECTIONAL BEZEL:
a bezel that rotates only one way (a dive bezel, for example, only moves one way, because it is used to count how much air is left in your tanks, and you would not want your bezel to accidentally go back, because it could be extremely dangerous if you stay under too long).

VPH (Vibrations Per Hour):
movement of a pendulum limited by 2 extreme positions. The balance of a mechanical watch generally makes 5 or 6 vibrations per second (18,000-21,600 per hour.) A high frequency watch makes 8-10 vibrations per second (25,200/28,800/36000/43,200 per hour) Vibrations per hour is also called BPH ("beats per hour").

WATER RESISTANT - ΑΔΙΑΒΡΟΧΟ:
Η ικανότητα του ρολογιού να αντέχει στην ειρσοή νερού, η οποία μετράτε με τέσσερις τρόπους 1 ATM = 1 BAR = 10 METERS/ΜΕΤΡΑ = 33.3 FEET/ΠΟΔΙΑ.

 

ΒΑΘΜΟΣ ΑΔΙΑΒΡΟΧΟΥ

ΚΑΤΑΛΛΗΛΟΤΗΤΑ

Water Resistant

3 atm or 30 m

Κατάλληλο για καθημερινή χρήση. Αντοχή σε τυχαία επαφή με νερό. Δεν είναι κατάλληλο για ντους, κολύμπι και όλες τις δραστηριότητας στο νερό.

Water Resistant

5 atm or 50 m

Κατάλληλο για κολύμπι, rafting και επιφανειακές δραστηριότητες στο νερό.

Water Resistant

10 atm or 100 m

Κατάλληλο για κολύμπι, surfing και επιφανειακές δραστηριότητες στο νερό.

Water Resistant

20 atm or 200 m

Κατάλληλο για επαγγελματικές θαλάσσιες δραστηριότητες, θαλάσσια αθλήματα και μικρού βάθους καταδύσεις.

Diver's

100 m

Ελάχιστη ανταπόκριση στα πρότυπα κατάδυσης ISO-6425 για καταδύσεις scuba. Δεν είναι κατάλληλο για καταδύσεις μεγάλου βάθους αποσυμπίεσης.

Diver's

200 m or 300 m

Ελάχιστη ανταπόκριση στα πρότυπα κατάδυσης ISO-6425 για καταδύσεις scuba. Δεν είναι κατάλληλο για καταδύσεις μεγάλου βάθους αποσυμπίεσης.

Diver's 300+ m

for mixed-gas diving

Κατάλληλο για καταδύσεις μεγάλου βάθους αποσυμπίεσης (helium enriched environment). Συστήνετε ετήσιος έλεγχος για την επιβεβαίωση της σωστής στεγανότητας .

 Παρακαλώ σημειώστε ότι κανένα ρολόι δεν αντέχει στο ζεστό νερό και σε υδρατμούς.

 

WHEEL - ΤΡΟΧΟΣ:
(or pinion) circular part revolving an axis to transmit power or motion. Center wheel, front wheel, hour wheel, minute wheel, third wheel, transmission wheel.

WORLDTIME - ΠΑΓΚΟΣΜΙΑ ΩΡΑ:
Προβολή παγκόσμιας ώρας για τις 24 ζώνες ώρας. Κάθε ζώνη ώρας προβάλλεται μέσω των μεγαλύτερων πόλεων ανά ζώνη.

YACHT TIMER - ΧΡΟΝΟΜΕΤΡΟ ΓΙΩΤ:
Είδος χρονομέτρου αντίστροφης μέτρησης για τη χρονομέτρηση ιστιοπλοϊκών αγώνων με ηχητικά σήματα.